Schedule Free Consultation

(303) 463-4634

Macular Degeneration

Macular DegenerationMacular degeneration is the most common cause of advanced vision loss in people over age 50. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD) is probably caused by damage to the cells by free radicals. The major risk factors for macular degeneration are being over age 50, having a family history of AMD, cigarette smoking, abnormal cholesterol levels, and hypertension.

The two most common types of AMD are dry (non-neovascular) and wet (neovascular). Ninety percent of people with AMD have the "dry" form. Vision loss is usually gradual. Ten percent of people who have AMD develop the "wet" form.

Macular degeneration can present with varying symptoms. Some people do not notice a change in their vision in the early stages. Often people will observe words on a book are blurred, the middle part of the vision is missing, and straight lines appear distorted. If you have macular degeneration, it is helpful to monitor your vision at home with an Amsler grid.

To use an Amsler grid:

  • Using your reading glasses, hold the grid 15 inches away from you.
  • Cover one eye.
  • Focus on the center dot with the uncovered eye.
  • Continue focusing on the center dot and observe if any of the lines are wavy or distorted.
  • Repeat the above steps for the other eye.
  • If any new changes occur, notify Dr. Houlder.

A normal Amsler grid is displayed below, to the left, while an abnormal grid is to the right:

Amsler Grid NormalAmsler Grid Defects

Macular degeneration is diagnosed with an eye exam, photographs with a fluorescein angiogram, and optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Antioxidant vitamins and zinc supplements may reduce the progression of macular degeneration. For the wet form of macular degeneration, injections of anti-VEGF medications into the eye may be beneficial.

Click here for information Schedule an Appointment

Visit Our Cataract Center

Cataract

Cataracts are the clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye and are very common in those 55 and older. Learn the symptoms of cataracts and the treatment options available.

Visit Our Cataract Center

Visit Our iLasik Center

iLASIK

Are you seeking clear vision? iLASIK may be right for you!

About iLASIK
LASIK vs PRK

Dry Eyes

Dry Eye

Are you suffering from scratchy and dry feeling eyes? Click the learn more button below to learn about Dry Eye Syndrome and the treatment options available to you!

Dry Eyes

Diabetes

Diabetes

Do you have Diabetes? Did you know that diabetes can also effect your vision? If you have diabetes regular eye examinations are important to maintain good eye health.

Diabetes

Glaucoma

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is in most cases a slow progressing eye disease that can cause irreversible loss of vision. Routine eye examinations are extremely important to test for glaucoma and if necessary treat it in its early stages.

Glaucoma

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness for those over 55 in the United States. Regular eye examinations are important to diagnose and treat this eye disease.

Macular Degeneration